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Mongolia

Mongolia

Mongolia is a landlocked unitary sovereign state in East Asia. Its area is roughly equivalent with the historical territory of Outer Mongolia, and that term is sometimes used to refer to the current state. It is located between China to the south and Russia to the north. While it does not share a border with Kazakhstan, Mongolia is separated from it by only 36.76 kilometers (22.84 mi).

At 1,564,116 square kilometers (603,909 sq mi), Mongolia is the 18th largest country in the world by land mass and has a population of around three million people. It is also the world’s second-largest landlocked country behind Kazakhstan and the largest landlocked country that does not border a closed sea. The country contains very little arable land, as much of its area is covered by grassy steppe, with mountains to the north and west and the Gobi Desert to the south. Ulaanbaatar, the capital and largest city, is home to about 40%-45% of the country’s population.

A third of the population lives in the capital, while around 40% of the country’s workforce is nomadic, herding livestock in the extensive pasturelands.

Mongolia elects its head of state—the President of Mongolia—at the national level. The president is elected for a four-year term by the people, using the Two-round system. The State Great Khural (Ulsyn Ikh KhuralState Great Assembly) has 76 members, originally elected for a four-year term from single-seat constituencies. Due to the voting system, Mongolia experienced extreme shifts in the composition of the parliament after the 1996, 2000, and 2004 elections, so it has changed to a more proportional system in which some seats are filled on the basis of votes for local candidates, and some on the basis of nationwide party preference totals. Beginning in 2008, local candidates were elected from 26 electoral districts. Beginning with the 2012 elections, a parallel system was enacted, combining a district part and a nationwide proportional part. 48 seats are chosen at the local level in 26 districts with 1-3 seats using Plurality-at-large voting. 28 seats are chosen from nationwide closed party lists using the Largest remainder method. In the district seats, a candidate is required to get at least 28% of the vote cast in a district to be elected. If there are seats that are not filled due to this threshold, a runoff election is held in the respective district with twice the number of representatives as there are seats to be filled, between the top vote-getters of the first round.

Source: wikipedia.org

INSTITUTIONS

NAME

TYPE

Mongolian State Great Hural ASSEMBLY

STATISTICS

Population (in 2016) : 3,081,677 Registered Voters (in 2016) : 1,911,047
Vote Cast (in 2016) : 1,406,123 Valid Votes (in 2016) : 1,386,490

ELECTIONS

ELECTION

DATE

VOTE CAST

REGISTER VOTERS

WINNER

Presidential Election Monday, June 26, 2017 1,357,788 1,978,298 Khaltmaagiin Battulga
Mongolian State Great Hural Wednesday, June 29, 2016 1,406,123 1,911,047 Mongolian People’s Party
Presidential Election Wednesday, June 26, 2013 1,239,784 1,833,478 Tsakhiagiin ELBEGDORJ
Mongolian State Great Hural Thursday, June 28, 2012 1,198,086 1,833,478 Democratic Party
Presidential Election Friday, May 24, 2009 1,098,875 1,493,217 Tsakhiagiin ELBEGDORJ
Mongolian State Great Hural Sunday, June 29, 2008 1,139,984 1,534,074 Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party
Presidential Election Sunday, May 22, 2005 927,405 1,238,177 Nambar ENKHBAYAR
Mongolian State Great Hural Sunday, June 27, 2004 1,088,683 1,330,610 Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party
Presidential Election Sunday, May 20, 2001 982,189 1,247,033 Natsagiin BAGABANDI
Mongolian State Great Hural Sunday, July 02, 2000 1,027,985 1,247,033 Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party